Circumcision Pros and Cons

Circumcision is a relatively minor operation that is performed on babies. The procedure is usually performed on boys around one week of age, and usually under local anaesthesia. The procedure is accompanied by trauma to the baby and a cut, but the benefits outweigh the risks. Read on to learn more about circumcision pros and cons. Below are the main pros and cons to circumcision.

It is difficult for babies

Baby circumcision is a relatively simple procedure, but it is still painful for babies. Pain medication can be given prior to the procedure to help the baby cope with the pain. The pain medication is usually injected into the penis and wears off quickly. For some babies, a baby may also receive acetaminophen during the circumcision procedure. It is also possible for parents to provide pacifiers dipped in sugar water or swaddle their babies, which can help reduce the pain.

Although there may be some bleeding, it’s usually minimal. The wound will likely bleed a few drops of blood for a few days. This can easily be avoided by rubbing the baby’s diaper against the wound, and applying petroleum jelly or ointment. The plastic ring will eventually fall off after seven days. For the next few days, the baby should wear a loose diaper to avoid friction against the penis. Baths should be avoided for the first seven days.

Reduces risk of infection

The most recent research suggests that circumcision may significantly reduce the risks of bacterial vaginosis and HIV among men. According to the National Institutes of Health, circumcision may lower the chance of these infections in men at high risk of sexual transgression. Other studies have produced different results. Although the To study is the largest, older men were not excluded.

The process of circumcision has been shown to reduce the incidence of HIV by 60%. The biological mechanism by which circumcision reduces infection is still unclear, but it does appear to reduce the number of viral co-infections. The density of HIV-target cells decreases in exposed skin from circumcision patients. Also, circumcision reduces the risk of HSV-2 infection in men. This has been linked to an increased risk of developing ulcerative co-infection. Additionally, circumcision alters penile microbiome.

Reduces risk of STIs

Although STIs are not a serious threat to your health, many people are at risk of contracting them. Although it is important to get tested for STIs, it is not always risk-free. Regular sex is not a guarantee of avoiding an infection. It is also not advisable to have sex with people you do not know well. There are many things you can do that will reduce your risk of getting STIs.

First, use condoms. They are simple to use and prevent many STIs, including pregnancy. Condoms can be used for oral, vaginal or anal sex. It is important to use condoms if you plan to have sexual intercourse with a partner who has an STI. If you are in doubt about whether to use condoms, read the infographic below.

Reduces risk of HIV

A new study has shown that male circumcision can reduce the risk of HIV infection by as much as half. The National Institutes of Health (NIH), presented findings from two studies that were conducted in Uganda, Kenya, and Tanzania. The randomization of healthy men was to either undergo circumcision immediately or wait for two years. All men received HIV prevention counseling and continued follow-up. The findings are encouraging, but more research is needed in order to determine if circumcision is a good prevention strategy.

The NIH halted two studies early in 2006, but interim results suggest that male circumcision can prevent HIV acquisition in men. A trial was conducted in Kisumu, Kenya by researchers from the University of Nairobi (Illinois) and University of Chicago at Chicago. The results showed a 53% reduction in HIV infection among circumcised men. The researchers also found a significant reduction in the risk of HIV transmission to women after circumcision in a subsequent study.

 

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